diet controlled gestational diabetes Some women are exposed to diabetes during pregnancy, which requires choosing appropriate foods to control blood sugar by eating meals that help balance blood sugars throughout the day, and provide the mother with the nutrients she needs during this period, with the need Follow up with a specialist doctor, and a report published on the American website “livestrong.” explains foods that help control blood sugar, and they are:
Gestational diabetes diets
To keep your blood glucose level under control and keep it from spiking, follow these guidelines during your pregnancy.
- You must eat a healthy and balanced diet, adjusting the caloric amount of the food you eat for each day. If you follow this type of diet, your blood sugar level will remain stable. You should eat three meals a day in a balanced way, and have two snacks in the middle of the morning and afternoon, so that hypoglycemia, caused when you go a long time without eating food, does not occur. On many occasions it is recommended that you even eat up to 6 meals a day in small amounts and therefore eat food every 2 or 3 hours.
- It is important that you avoid foods that incorporate simple sugars in their composition, such as pastries, sweets or soft drinks with sugar such as Coca-Cola or soda. This type of sugar makes the blood glucose level rise very quickly.
- You should not make strong or very restrictive diets, because they can be dangerous for the baby and you will not be able to offer all the necessary nutrients.
- The diet should be moderate in fat and protein, and with controlled carbohydrate levels through the intake of fruits, vegetables and complex carbohydrates (bread, cereals, rice and pasta).
- In turn, soft drinks, fruit juices and sweet pastries should be reduced, due to their high sugar content. It is important to eat three small to moderate meals a day, along with one or two snacks that should not be skipped to maintain optimal blood glucose levels.
- You have to watch the amounts and portions of food (fat, protein and carbohydrates) every day and not “eat for two”, since it is estimated that a pregnant woman needs approximately 300 extra Kcal per day.
- The practice of daily exercise without having to exert great effort is one of the ‘golden rules’ for controlling diabetes.
Eat healthy carbohydrates
Healthy carbohydrates are high in fiber, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants that are important during pregnancy, even with gestational diabetes. Although carbohydrates raise blood sugar, sources such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains are digested more slowly than refined sources such as white flour or white rice. Or sugar or sugary drinks.
To maintain blood sugar levels, food choices should contain a balance of whole grains, high-fiber carbohydrates, healthy fats and a source of protein, while limiting the intake of refined carbohydrates and sugar (such as soda, juice, and sweets) that help maintain blood sugar levels.
It is noticed with gestational diabetes patients, that blood sugars are very unstable in the morning hours, so make sure to balance the morning meal, which should include protein and fats as well. In addition to eggs, and dairy, making sure of the type of carbohydrates from which the bread is made. It is also preferable to drink water as an alternative to juices that cause high blood sugars.
Eat foods rich in fiber
Eat foods rich in fiber such as fresh fruits and vegetables, peas, beans, legumes, whole-grain breads and sources of healthy carbohydrates. All of these foods are high in fiber, which is digested and absorbed by the body more slowly than simple carbohydrates like sugar.
Physical activity is directly related to lower blood sugar levels. Follow the doctor’s instructions for what can be done from exercises that are not harmful to pregnancy, such as walking.